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GREAT resource for Marketline Industry Reports which are generally current and focus on specific geographic areas around the world and can be searched by industry codes. Access a 40 page, comprehensive industry report on alcoholic beverages in Argentina, for instance... Invaluable information.
A fascinating database where you can explore down to the individual product level what might be your competition in your chosen nation. For instance, look up the recent launches of new cookies in France. Download an excel document including their prices etc. for your positioning and targeting considerations.
A great resource for understanding some background about your industry. Focused exclusively on the US, but discusses the supply chain and key economic drivers for the industry, demand and related industries, a small section on existing international trade for this industry, and other sections that may be useful to you.
These are a specific publication put out by the U.S. Department of State to " provide U.S. firms with country/region and economy-specific information and assessments prepared by the State Department’s posts abroad on investment laws, measures, and other factors that may be useful to them in making business decisions." A great summary PDF of relevant country-specific information.
Take a look at the 'Library' specifically and "The World Factbook". The Factbook allows you to browse a list of countries A-Z and each country report includes information on the government, economy, infrastructure, etc.
"Country Commercial Guides" can be found searching by country and include such sections as 'Political and Economic Climate', 'Leading Sectors for U.S. Export and Investment', 'Trade and Project Financing' and more. Some reports are available only to registered users, but many are available to all. Note: These are extensive documents, sometimes 100 pages +, but it's invaluable information.
This site from Michigan State University's Broad College of Business includes various data and tools, a Global Resource Directory and their own globalEDGE Database of International Business Statistics.